Each year, AIA Cleveland recognizes excellence in design by inviting local firms and students to submit their best work to be reviewed by nationally renowned juries from all over the country. This year we are excited to announce that two CUDC graduate students received awards. Alena Miller received the Merit Award and James Lennon the Honor Award. Both submitted work from their Graduate Design Studio, focused on Cleveland’s Opportunity Corridor.
The studio explored new urban planning and design approaches for redeveloping the Corridor through adaptive reuse of vacant land. Led by co-instructors David Jurca, Jeff Kruth, and Pravin Bhiwapurkar, students developed alternative visions for the local neighborhood intended to establish connections with emerging economic development in the region. Of particular interest was the potential for physical interventions to build social cohesion, ecological value, and cultural resources through short- and long-term actions.
We spoke with Alena and James about their studio experience and design process. First, Alena tells us about her experience and her project, Urban Seam.
“The summer studio was a unique graduate experience, because it required a concise analysis of the current proposal for Opportunity Corridor. My design process began by identifying strengths within the Kinsman neighborhood that may be viewed as constraints and acknowledging that the existing urban fabric was not useless, but compromised. From this point, I developed a “sewing kit” of urban design strategies that identified formal and informal design solutions that were culturally appropriate for the existing population. These “patches and stitches” create multiple scenarios for future development in the neighborhood. Further expansion of the “residential patch and stitch” included a typology study and the design of alternative housing units that better served the existing population’s needs. The housing typologies met the required density for transit-oriented development while offering social and recreational amenities to the residents. Overall, the design of Urban Seam focused on the positive impact of the Opportunity Corridor on an existing population by creating design strategies that were culturally appropriate, transitional, and a catalyst for future development.” – Alena Miller
If you would like to see more of Alena’s award winning project, you can view it here.
James also shared his overall impressions of the studio and the design process for his project, Reintegration.
“As far as the Studio experience goes, it was a great learning experience. In general, I believe that the project itself was an excellent opportunity to share insights and generate excitement for possible design solutions in a real world scenario. Being from another city, it was great to see how open-minded Clevelanders are to improving the city with new ideas. The support and feedback we received from a number of city officials and project stakeholders allowed us to better understand problems relative to the site. We were offered an inside look at how these projects may develop.
I also benefited from having three studio co-instructors. They each provided expertise from different perspectives, forcing us to use critical thinking in making our own decisions for the project. All nine students collaborated well together throughout the semester and served as a great support system. The design language and principles learned in this Urban Design Studio reinforced and improved my understanding of Architecture and its related fields.
The design process for my work involved identifying key social, economic, and environmental problems that exist within the site. The solution was to leverage existing anchors and amenities in order to provide a cohesive site that encouraged user interaction through transitional “social condenser” spaces. Interaction with diverse community members will serve as a support system for people who have been recently released from incarceration. My project’s ultimate goal is to reduce recidivism. The design itself was a response to current conditions while also acknowledging the history of the site through various urban design interventions. The programming is organized to connect people with landscape, architecture, and each other.” – James Lennon
If you would like to see more of James award winning project, you can view it here.
Alena and James both set high personal goals that extended beyond the studio requirements. It is evident by their achievements that their hard work and dedication has paid off. We can’t wait to see what they will accomplish in the future!
Miguel Coyula is an architect, urban planner, and professor at the University of Havana. He will give a comprehensive overview of Havana from its origins to the present, ending with an open question shared by many people these day: What kind of city will Havana be in the coming years?
The event will be held at:
Cleveland Urban Design Collaborative
Kent State University
Euclid Avenue, Suite 200
Cleveland, Ohio 44115
Directions to the CUDC
Following Professor Coyula’s talk, there will be a light dinner catered by Earth Bistro Café featuring contemporary American cuisine with a Cuban flair. This event is free and made possible by KSU President Emeritus Lester Lefton, but REGISTRATION is required.
For any inquiries regarding the event, please contact the CUDC.
Where do the intersections of urban design, architecture and entrepreneurship merge? Find out Friday, March 13, 2015 as we welcome Jennifer Coleman to our Spring Lecture Series.
As an architect & entrepreneur Jennifer Coleman has over 24 years experience in the field of architecture and has managed the design, bidding and construction observation of a diverse array of building projects. Her company, Jennifer Coleman Creative LLC, is dedicated to improving life in the city through smart design, combining a traditional architectural design and planning practice with community engagement and history gathering and website and graphic design. She is also the founder and CEO of CityProwl, a company producing urban walking-tours that can be downloaded from the Internet to digital media players for self-led tours. Jennifer received a $30,000 startup grant from the Cleveland Foundation’s Civic Innovation Lab.
Ms. Coleman is Chair of both the Cleveland Landmarks Commission and Downtown/Flats District Design Review Committee and was appointed to the Mayor’s 2010 Group Plan Commission. She is a past board member of the Ohio Board of Building Standards. An avid civic volunteer, she is past president of the Cleveland Chapter of Links, Inc. and has served as an officer on the boards of the Cleveland Botanical Garden and the Cleveland Chapter of the American Institute of Architects. She is also a board member of LAND Studio, the Cleveland Arts Prize, Cleveland International Film Festival and the Downtown Cleveland Alliance.
As always our lectures are free and open to the public. Join us from 12-1 PM on Friday, March 13th, at the CUDC, 1309 Euclid Avenue, Suite 200, Cleveland, OH 44115.
The 2015 Rudy Bruner Award selection committee met last weekend in Cambridge to review applications from 40 communities in 26 states, and selected five finalist, among them was Cleveland’s Uptown District.
The Uptown District is the redevelopment of a corridor linking art, educational and health care institutions with surrounding neighborhoods, creating outdoor gathering spaces, retail shops and restaurants, student and market-rate housing, and public transit connections.
Congratulations on such a prestigious honor! Stay tuned to late May/early June when the medalists are announced.
Aerial rendering of a development proposal for Cleveland’s MidTown District created by CUDC graduate students Matthew Nykamp and Heather Flick. The concept, named “Deeply Rooted,” proposed a public green space network overlaid on broadband data infrastructure.
First year graduate students at the CUDC kicked-off their urban design studio experience this fall with a local design competition. Focused on a segment of Cleveland’s Health-Tech Corridor, the competition involved several local partners and offered a $1,000 cash prize provided by Geis Companies.
Stretching along three miles of Cleveland’s Euclid Avenue, the Health-Tech Corridor (HTC) served as the geographic scope for the studio. The HTC is a 1,600 acre swath of near east side neighborhoods, including healthcare institutions, business incubators, academic centers, and over 123 high-tech companies, all anchored by a bus rapid transit (BRT) line.
The competition’s primary focus sites lie within the broader Health-Tech Corridor, clustered between E. 55th Street and E. 70th Street in the MidTown neighborhood. Students were given a tour of the area by knowledgeable community partners, including: Jeff Epstein, Director of the Health-Tech Corridor; Maura Maresh, Development Director at Geis Companies; and Will Warren, Finance Analyst at the City of Cleveland’s Department Economic Development.
Five student teams competed in the studio’s design competition. Each project employed a unique perspective on the opportunities presented by the site. Although all teams produced strong proposals for the jury to consider, ultimately Team RED was selected as the prize winner.
Students will present their work again at an event organized by Heath-Tech Corridor at JumpStart on February 26, 2014. If you’re interested in learning more about the upcoming event or the student projects, please contact studio instructor David Jurca.
Final slide presentations from all teams are shown below:
From Grey to Green | Clarisse Gates, James Lennon
Graduate students Clarisse Gates and James Lennon envision a holistic development strategy focused on improving the health of MidTown employees and surrounding residents. From Grey to Green identifies measurable goals for green infrastructure, providing attractive and functional amenities to spur new development.
MidtownLink | Said Abiakl
Exploring the site’s potential to connect adjacent neighborhoods, MidtownLink weaves a multi-use trail through variously scaled public spaces. Said Abiakl conducted a rigorous analysis of climatic conditions, storm water strategies, and programmatic arrangements to arrive at an iconic circular form to anchor the mixed-use development.
Mi[xe]d Town | Tyler Middendorf
Through research on the district’s historic development patterns, Tyler Middendorf derived the insight that past developments were too focused on a single industry. Comprised of businesses primarily based on the automotive industry, the district fell victim to volatile global market forces, resulting in the vacancy we see today. In an effort to prevent similar collapses in the future, Mi[xe]d Town diversifies entertainment, mobility, and employment opportunities, creating a resilient community.
MidTown Beat | Brittany Ballish, Andrew Foster
Building on existing assets within MidTown, Brittany and Andrew aim to grow the various rhythms of activity in the neighborhood. A proposed music therapy facility leverages the area’s music identity, punctuated by the nearby Cleveland Agora. Public spaces create areas of respite while integrating multiple levels of entertainment. Transit-oriented design elements reconnect Midtown with Downtown Cleveland, universities, and healthcare campuses. Streetscape enhancements and public arcades respond to the need for north-south connections to enable future growth and neighbor relations.
Deeply Rooted | Heather Flick, Matthew Nykamp
“The Deeper the Network, The Greater the Community” is the tagline for Matthew Nykamp and Heather Flick’s proposal, which aims to grow rich digital and physical social spaces. Leveraging the area’s broadband fiber infrastructure, Deeply Rooted attracts both new technology businesses and current neighborhood residents to interact in a dynamic public realm.
RED | Turki Alosimi, Mykie Hrusovski, Katelyn Milius
* Competition Winning Project
RED‘s goal is to create a technology-focused environment that promotes healthy living, celebrates diversity, fosters collaboration, and provides opportunities for growth on site. The project team addressed this goal by creating a flexible design strategy, rather than rigid master plan, which empowers nearby residents to climb up the ladder of success.
Team RED also created a stop-motion animation, which portrays an engaging story of two people working in the neighborhood.
This week we welcome three landscape architects from the global, networked design firm, NBBJ. Brian Bernstein, Ed Mickelson, and Carmine Russo’s talk “What’s Your Awareness? The Power of Integrated Design” will focus on the perspective of landscape architects and urban designers, as they will be sharing thoughts about the design practice and why they believe awareness and engagement matter.
A little bit about our speakers:
Brian Bernstein is a Project Leader with NBBJ. Brian is accomplished in the development of complex, large-scale sites. Much of his experience has been in the realm of hospitality and resort design, with extensive involvement in residential resorts and mixed-use commercial development. His completed projects are located across the U.S. and Mexico. Working in multidisciplinary teams, Brian has established expertise in understanding site, environmental, and regulatory constraints that are critical in successfully shaping site solutions. He is also keenly interested in understanding the needs and desires of his clients to assure the projects reach their maximum potential within the financial and time constraints established.
Ed Michelson is a Design Leader for NBBJ’s Landscape Architecture and Urban Design Practice. Ed is regarded as a leading voice in the design of many of the firm’s most prestigious projects; his concepts are well-conceived, practical and provocative. He directs projects of national, international and cultural significance and builds consensus among disparate groups for the realization of clients’ specific goals. During his 35-year career he has won more than 30 design awards for his work in the planning and design of highly complex sites and campuses in the United States, China, South Korea, Taiwan, Turkey, Jordan and Kuwait.
Carmine Russo is a Project Landscape Architect who brings a broad background of planning and design to NBBJ. Within the United States, he has led multiple projects for world-class leaders in healthcare institutions, and has worked on major urban transportation projects as well as corporate, commercial, and civic assignments. In addition to his domestic projects, Carmine has also engaged with accomplished multidisciplinary teams and influential international clients in the development of projects in Russia and China. He is a leader who works well in the team environment and builds strong relationships with his clients working toward projects that meet their highest standards and aspirations. Carmine is a strong advocate of innovation in design, as well as sustainability strategies that protect and enhance the natural environment.
As always our lectures are free and open to the public. Join us from 12-1 PM on Friday, February 6th, at the CUDC, 1309 Euclid Avenue, Suite 200, Cleveland, OH 44115.
We are kicking off our Spring Lecture Series on Friday, January 16th, with urban design and city planner, Alex Pesta of City Architecture. Originally from Cincinnati, he will talk about his outsider perspective on the City of Cleveland, as well as, his career path that spans from a single family residential architect to now, urban designer and city planner.
Alex’s broad vision and understanding of “big picture” thinking and planning motivate him to constantly challenge himself and others in pursuit of maximizing a project’s impact and potential. He believes that intelligent, effective and meaningful investments in public spaces and infrastructure have the ability to celebrate place, redefine a street and establish new identities. His involvement leading the City of Huron’s master plan process led to the development of initiatives, that when considered together, can reshape this prime waterfront community. Alex’s approach begins with projects that are immediately realizable to gain momentum and community support. He believes that overall change can happen at the smallest scale, whether it is the construction of a median, the installation of landscaping or a signage package that helps define place.
Planning Process: Huron existing conditions.
His project experience ranges from small infill redevelopment sites to overall city master plans and has led him towards a widespread appreciation of design, successful project implementation, open and effective communication with consultants, city officials, and most importantly, clients. Alex studied architecture at the University of Cincinnati, has practiced at City Architecture for 12 years and recently became a partner at the firm. He leads the firm’s planning efforts and feels the firm’s combination of planning and architecture services provide a unique perspective for each project.
As always our lectures are free and open to the public. Join us from 12-1 PM on Friday, January 16th, at the CUDC, 1309 Euclid Avenue, Suite 200, Cleveland, OH 44115.
We recently interviewed Master of Architecture (MArch) student, Jordan Charles, about his independent studio project “Urban Proxy”. Read our interview below to learn more about this unique project.
Hi Jordan, introduce yourself, what is your background?
My name is Jordan Charles, most of my friends know me as Peezy. I like to consider myself an “architect in training” striving to acquire his Master of Architecture during the day and a superhero at night. I pretty much have the same profile as some other individuals in the field – jack of all trades, master of none. However, I do take pride in my drawing abilities. While they aren’t where I’d like them to be they are good enough to allow me to make sense of my ideas and transfer them from my thoughts to paper.
What studio was this project for?
“Urban Proxy” was my final project for the independent studio I had taken up to fulfill the final requirements for my MArch. I had derived from the typical trajectory for the CUDC’s MArch program due to conflicts with my summer schedule and the required summer studio. So instead of taking the summer studio, I pushed the studio back to the following fall semester which is where it had morphed into an independent studio. However, I am pleased with how the adjustment worked out. I believe the independent studio gave me the freedom necessary to create “Urban Proxy”.
“Urban Proxy” embodies a lot of personal beliefs I have in regards to design and architecture. People are in part defined by their experiences and architecture provides a stage for experiences to occur, so in theory architecture defines people. I wanted this project to provide a stage where positive experiences could occur for individuals that may feel they didn’t have a proper place within the city.
At the root, what is “Urban Proxy” about?
The genesis of Urban Proxy initiated with the intent of devising a scheme that resisted a static nature in search of a proposal that could be primarily flexible. The idea of flexibility sparked a desire to devise a plan to produce both programmatic and architectural elements that were freed from shackles. Change occurs more frequently than ever before and as society (thus the city) change, more should be expected from our environments. To be able to keep up with the changes, adaptability is a trait critical to designs that intend to remain relevant. Read more…
Cleveland State University and the Maxine Goodman Levin College of Urban Affairs are convening an interdisciplinary meeting to discuss the role of historic preservation in revitalizing America’s Legacy Cities. This is the first event to bring together key stakeholders and decision-makers from cities where entrenched population loss and economic decline present difficult challenges for the future of the urban built environment.
CUDC Urban Designer, Jeff Kruth will be presenting Thursday, June 5th, from 1:30-3:00 PM at the sessions titled: Industrial Heritage, Activism & Social Values in U.S. and International Legacy Cities.
Jeff’s presentation examines the role and legacy of public housing and urban agriculture as ways to preserve long-standing neighborhoods who may have valuable, though scattered resources in legacy cities, as well as catalyze growth . Recent pilot projects and policies pertaining to vacant land have created an alternative vision and relationship to the landscape in legacy cities with large swaths of vacancies. However, there has yet to be a corollary redefinition as it pertains to the unique challenges facing public housing development and neighborhood stability in general. Framed broadly, this presentation seeks to fit into a larger context that asks questions about strategies for declining social infrastructure in legacy cities.
The session will be moderated by the CUDC’s Director, Terry Schwarz, and will also feature Kate Daly (New York City Landmarks Commission), Anne B. Raines (Maryland Historical Trust), and Daniel Campo (Morgan State University).
For more information about the Historic Preservation in America’s Legacy Cities Conference and registration information please visit here.
The City of Lakewood is seeking a part-time urban design intern to work directly with planning staff and the City Architect to gain hands-on practical experience working on planning and design related issues in the city. It is the city’s objective to provide an intern with portfolio caliber projects. The intern will spend 20 hours a week working individually and collaboratively to complete assigned projects by a given timeline.
Detailed description available here.
The CUDC is gearing up to host students for the 2014 international ULI Urban Design Competition! Now in its twelfth year, the Urban Land Institute’s (ULI) Gerald D. Hines Urban Design Competition is a two-week interdisciplinary finance, planning, and design competition for currently enrolled graduate students. An “ideas” competition focusing on contemporary urban issues asks students to devise a viable financial and design scheme for development.
The 2014 competition takes place between January 13-27, 2014 and will house local participants here at the CUDC. The registration period for teams closes on December 9, 2013. If you are a graduate student interested in participating, please contact Jeff Kruth of the CUDC, jkruth @ kent.edu, for more information. The competition website can be found here, along with past winners and entries: www.udcompetition.org
Last year, a Cleveland team composed of Case Western, Cleveland State, and Kent State students received an honorable mention in the pursuit of a $50,000 grand prize for their “Active East” proposal in Minneapolis. A mixed use program and transit oriented development design promoted an active lifestyle for residents and visitors downtown.
Geographical Information Systems (GIS) for Urban Design: An Introductory Workshop
GIS enables designers to use and create spatial information for understanding and designing places and their context. By viewing and overlaying thematic layers of geographic information, we can better integrate the built and natural environments and design places that are more beautiful, equitable, ecologically healthy, and economically robust. GIS maps are both a design tool and a design outcome. This workshop will acquaint you with the basic principles and mechanics of GIS and inspire you to produce maps and diagrams that are clear, informative, and visually compelling.
The GIS workshop will be held at the CUDC on November 15, from 8:30 AM – 1:00 PM. It is free and open to the public, but non KSU students must bring their own GIS equipped laptops. Space is limited so please RSVP to cudc @ kent.edu if you would like to attend.
About the Instructor
Lisl Kotheimer is a Columbus, Ohio-based design professional. Her professional interests center around design representation, communication, design research, critical inquiry, and strategy. Her expertise include graphic design, 3-D modeling and rendering, digital design, and fabrication. Lisl has worked with several award-winning design practices in Boston and Columbus on a wide variety of projects from concept to implementation. To see more of her work please visit lislkotheimer.com.
We’re excited to announce the final review schedule for the 2013 Master of Urban Design capstone projects (see below). Graduate students at the CUDC enrolled in the Master of Urban Design or dual degree (Master of Architecture + Master of Urban Design) programs at the CUDC conclude their coursework with an individualized capstone project. Each capstone project is developed over two semesters, with the first semester focused on framing a research question and the second devoted to creating a design response. As can be seen from the project names below, the investigations span a wide range of topics and geographies.
The capstone presentations for this year’s class will be held at the CUDC (1309 Euclid Avenue, 2nd Floor) and are open to the public. If you are interested in pursuing a Master of Urban Design degree or just curious about one of the capstone topics, please feel free to attend any of the presentations. You don’t need to RSVP, but we ask that attendees arrive shortly before the designated start time. The presentation and discussion immediately following each project should run about an hour and a half. More information on the academic programs offered at the CUDC can be found on our website here. Contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org with any questions and we look forward to seeing you soon!
2013 Capstone Final Review Schedule:
Antonia Marinucci | Erieview, Cleveland: Economic + Physical Reimagining
(Advisors: Charles Harker, Steve Rugare, Ellen Sullivan)
Thom Nester | Public Space and the Effects of Digital Culture
(Advisors: David Jurca, Greg Stroh, Steve Rugare)
Matt Provolt | TopoCity: Sheraden Neighborhood, Pittsburgh
(Advisors: Ellen Sullivan, Charles Graves, Sagree Sharma)
Brandon Young | Revising Richard Florida: Creative/Productive Space for Cleveland
(Advisors: Diane Davis-Sikora, Jonathan Kurtz, Terry Schwarz)
Sarah Myers | From Waste to Pop Up: a Temporary Diversion from the Landfill
(Advisors: Jonathan Fleming, Charles Frederick, Terry Schwarz)
Gabriel Fey | New Futures for the Infrastructural City
(Advisors: Steve Rugare, Jonathan Fleming, Jonathan Kurtz, Jacqueline Mills)
Troy Eklum | Transit Based Metropolitan Master Planning: Developing a Large Scale Strategy for Growth and Mobility Patterning
(Advisors: Ellen Sullivan, Charles Frederick, Steve Rugare)
Arthur Schmidt | Beyond Complete Streets: a Methodology for Designing a Complete Urban Street System
(Advisors: Steve Rugare, Jeff Kruth, Stephanie Ryberg-Webster, Daniel Vieyra)
Tommy Chesnes | Neighborhood Tuning: Waterloo Arts District, Cleveland
(Advisors: Terry Schwarz, Wayne Mortensen, Ellen Sullivan)
Download PDF: 2013 Capstone Final Review Schedule
We’re very excited to announce our new winter weather-related initiative, the Center for Outdoor Living Design, which conveniently forms the acronym COLD. The project is intended to encourage designers of various disciplines to engage more creatively with the opportunities presented by winter weather urban environments.
Representations and design strategies in architecture and urban design are often dominated by idealized imagery from warmer seasons, marginalizing the unique design opportunities that winter weather cities present. As a result, creative approaches to improving urban livability during winter are left unexplored, reinforcing common perceptions that public life can’t survive outdoors for much of the year (ahem…skywalks).
The first of this year’s COLD activities is the launch of COLDSCAPES: New Visions for Cold Weather Cities, a multi-disciplinary design competition intended to gather compelling ideas for revitalizing cold climate urban places. Submissions from the competition and other projects gathered by COLD will comprise a growing online archive of images and videos to inspire designers, city officials, and interested members of the public to embrace their city’s winter identity.
A jury of artists and designers familiar with cold weather design issues will select three thought-provoking and visually compelling submissions, each to receive a $1,000 award. A larger set of submissions will receive honorable mentions and the opportunity to be included in an exhibition and published in this year’s Urban Infill journal. To learn more about COLD and to register for the COLDSCAPES competition, please visit our website at www.coldscapes.org.
April 1, 2013 – Competition Announced
May 24, 2013 – Registration Deadline
July 12, 2013 – (6pm EST) Submission Deadline
July 26, 2013 – Competition Winners Announced
Shane Coen, Founder and Principal at Coen+Partners | Minneapolis, Minnesota
Gary Toth, Director of Transportation Initiatives at Project for Public Spaces | New York City, New York
Aase Kari Mortensen, Senior Architect at Snøhetta | Oslo, Norway
Greg Peckham, Managing Director at LAND Studio | Cleveland, Ohio
Patrick Coleman, CEO at The Winter Cities Institute | Anchorage, Alaska
As Spock would often say during winter, “Live Cold and Prosper!”
* Order Diagrammatically from the CUDC Amazon storefront here.
The 2012 volume of Urban Infill is now available through Kent State’s Cleveland Urban Design Collaborative, local book stores, and Amazon. UI5: Diagrammatically applies the techniques of diagramming to urban design practice through critical essays, case studies, and examples. Over twenty contributors from the US and Europe discuss the ways that urban diagrams engage the public, reveal hidden agendas, and navigate uncertainty. The book features innovative and thought-provoking examples of urban diagramming, presented in a lively, full-color format.
A few examples of the work included in the book:
‘Re-cultivating the Forest City‘ is a must-read for Clevelanders. A design proposal developed by PORT Architecture + Urbanism, this series of diagrams and renderings offers a seductive glimpse at Cleveland’s future where urban vacancy leads to economic productivity, ecological regeneration, and increased public use of the Cuyahoga Valley.
‘Thinking + Talking Adaptability,’ a series of diagrams created by the Adaptable Futures project at Loughborough University in the UK, provides a toolbox of diagrams that communicate sustainable values and highlight aspects of building performance. This work is useful to designers and lay audiences alike, and provides the basis for a shared understanding of the components of sustainable design.
‘Strategrams‘ by Susan Rogers at the Community Design Resource Center in Houston and ‘Empowerpoint‘ by Interface Studio in Philadelphia present diagramming strategies in the context of community design practice.
‘Through the Diagram…‘ by Kent State University faculty member Greg Stroh showcases recent work from the graduate studios at the College of Architecture and Environmental Design.
Diagrammatically will be of interest to architecture and planning students, urban design practitioners, and anyone interested in better, more livable cities.
Get your copy of Diagrammatically today: CUDC Amazon Store.
For more information about the Urban Infill journal series, please contact the CUDC at: cudc[AT]kent.edu