On behalf of The Center for Outdoor Living Design (COLD) and the esteemed competition jury, we are pleased to announce the winners and honorable mentions selected for this year’s COLDSCAPES//Adapt Competition! The competition sought submissions that creatively respond to the challenges posed by volatile weather conditions in winter cities.
The three winning entries and six honorable mentions were selected by a panel of jurors from the United States and Canada, representing multiple disciplines, including architecture, landscape architecture, and urban planning. The winning projects were first announced on February 20th at a large public event in Cleveland, Ohio.
Climate Canopy | Thomas Hinterholzer – Innsbruck, Austria
This project operates within the notions of comfort and energy. It proposes individual energy autonomy and takes a speculative approach in order to link urban energy networks with cold-cliamte outdoor activity. The anticipated technological assets are hydrogen and graphene. Hydrogen is the most efficient lifting gas with a lifting capacity of 1.2kg/m³. Its energy content is 3 times higher than fuel oil or natural gas and it can be produced efficiently and stored safely with new graphene materials. One atom thick graphene sheets are 95% transparent and 200 times stronger than steel. Developed canopies harvest renewable electricity from hydrogen, which can be used for the existing buildings. Various configurations of the canopy are used not only to produce electricity, but to overcome local uncomfortable climatic conditions in order to attain more possibilities for outdoor activity. Because the canopy structures are integrated within the existing built environment they work on the scale of a parcel or a block. It will bring the energy generation into a dialogue with outdoor comfort. This ambitious endeavor has the potential to change the energy household and urban activity of a whole city.
Threshold | Catherine Joseph – Auburn, Maine
Freeze/Thaw cycles in the Northeast are inevitable. With these micro-scale processes come ideal conditions for the subgrade build-up of ice lenses that displace soil and fracture rock through a process called “ice heaving”. This process is notorious for demolishing roads and cracking building foundations. Portland, Maine serves as a representative of urban areas that endure widely variable winter conditions. The physics behind frost heaves is predictable. By leveraging the anticipation of the formation of ice lenses, THRESHOLD is a series of independent processes activated by the cyclic build-up of snow and ice that is comes with the freeze and thaw cycles of Maine winters. Facades expand and retract according to the snow build-up, increasing the volume of the air-gap insulation. Walkways warm as the frost heaves activate piezoelectric panels that power underground heating coils. The vertical forces caused by the ice lenses can also be tailored to artistic endeavors – underground organs play the sounds of friction and temperature. Water forced to the surface is directed to ice pools, where ice sculptures are created and encouraged by the upward thrust of the freeze/thaw cycles. In each instance, it is the threshold between frozen and unfrozen that triggers the adaptive urban features.
The Eddy | Tiffany Chen and Matthew Enos – Minneapolis, Minnesota
Winter is isolating. It severs links between individuals and communities. Minneapolis is accustomed to this. The Stone Arch Bridge in Minneapolis serves as a popular link between neighborhoods, and facilitates encounters. However these opportunities are lost during the extreme Minnesota winter, when few people regularly cross the bridge, due to brutal wind chills. The Eddy acts as respite from winter, not removal. The principal aspect of the design is a series of louvred railing systems. Louvres on the northern face of the bridge close or open, depending on season, to block the bittern winds from the Mississippi below. Thus, they create a calmer, more amenable environment for winter users. The illuminated bridge acts as a beacon in the darkest point of the year. Minimal structural supports modify the rhythm the louvres create, while ‘eddies’ punctuate the length of the bridge. Three minor eddies provide integrated semi-sheltered seating, while the large, main eddy provides a screened space with integrated seating and observation areas. The eddy establishes the bridge as a winter destination and experience just as much as it is during summer.
In addition to the winning entries, the jury selected six submissions for Honorable Mention, which displayed creative insights and meaningful applications for winter cities.
Adapt the Void | Nate Bailey and Neil Luketic – Lakewood, Ohio
Adaptive Coldspace Housing System | Yang Li and Lubin Han – Los Angeles, California
HALO 22 | David Craun, Brad Valtman, Jeff Jasinski, Jeremy Smith, Julie Roberts, Sai Sinbondit – Cleveland, Ohio
Heat It Up | Yuqing Wu and Qianyu Li – Boston, Massachusetts
Snowed Out | Alena Bower – Cleveland Heights, Ohio
Snow Bubble Haven | Jaebong Jeon and Keunyoung Lim – Boston, Massachusetts
Cara Fisher | Planner, Alta Planning + Design + Associate, Winter Cities Institute – Vancouver, Canada
Sergio Lopez-Piniero | Architect & Founder, Holes of Matter – Boston, MA
Brian Peters | Founder, DesignLabWorkshop - Kent, OH
Liz Wreford Taylor | Principal Landscape Architect, Plain Projects - Winnipeg, Canada
James Wheeler | Director of Education & Community Partnership, Public Design Exchange – Minneapolis, MN
All submissions to the COLDSCAPES//Adapt Competition, including full text, images and video, will be added to the COLD ARCHIVE on the www.coldscapes.org website. The ARCHIVE will grow over time with submissions from future competitions and additional projects gathered by COLD. Launched in fall 2013, the ARCHIVE serves as a rare resource for students, professionals, city officials, and residents interested in cold climate urban design projects.
The COLD team would like to extend our warmest gratitude to all of the 2016 COLDSCAPES//Adapt Competition entrants and our esteemed jurors. We are also very grateful to the Ohio Arts Council and Brite Winter for supporting the COLD vision. With your help, we look forward to rekindling an appreciation for winter and discovering more of the unique design opportunities our cold weather cities present.
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